The various schemes under implementation through Rural Development
Department are as under:
1. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
2. Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
3. Rural Housing Scheme (RHS)
4. Swranjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
5. SGSY Special Projects
6. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY.
7. Model Villages under (Prime Minister’s Re-construction Programme)
8. Integrated Water Shed Development Programme (IWDP-Haryali).
9. 11th/12th Finance Commission Award.
PROCEDURE ADOPTED FOR FORMULATION OF PLANS
Section 12 of Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989 envisages that it
shall be the duty of each Halqa Panchayat to make provision for preparation
of the Plans for the development of the Halqa and to take measures for the
implementation of the Developmental plans subject to the availability of
funds at its disposal. The plans at the Block level are formulated after
consolidating the information received from the Village Panchayats through
the Secretary Panchayat (VLW/MPW/Gram Savika).
The plans are first consolidated at the Block level and then at the District
level. After the approval of the plans by District Development Boards the
estimates of the works approved in the plan are prepared by Junior Engineers
of the concerned Block. The Village Level Workers/Multipurpose Workers/Gram
Savikas (Secretary of the Panchayat) places the proposal of works before the
Halqa Majlis, constituted vide Section 4 of the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayat
Raj Act, 1989 for their consideration and after passing a resolution, the
Halqa Majlis nominates the person through whom the work is to be got
executed. The Block Development Officer then allots the work to the
nominated person in accordance with the guidelines of the schemes. The work
is then got executed as per the guidelines/prescribed norms. During
execution, the test checks are recorded by the AEs/AEEs and Executive
Engineer to ensure that the works are executed strictly as per the
sanctioned estimates and to ensure quality of the assets.
A WORD ABOUT EACH PROGRAMME / SCHEME IS GIVEN HERE UNDER:-
1. NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME
The scheme was launched on February 2nd, 2006 in 200 districts of the
country. In Jammu division it has been sanctioned in the districts of Poonch
and Doda in the first instance
, in second phase
it was introduced in Jammu & Samba Districts and in third phase, the scheme
was extended to all the remaining Districts of Jammu Division.
The scheme is expected to enhance people’s livelihood on sustained basis by
developing economic and social infrastructure in rural areas.
The scheme is aimed at attacking the causes of chronic poverty such as
drought, deforestation and soil erosion.
The scheme provides legal guarantee of 100 days work to every rural
household whose adult member volunteer to do un-skilled manual work.
If an applicant for labour is not provided employment within 15 days he/she
shall be entitled to un-employment allowance.
Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is a demand-driven scheme.
Main features of Rural Employment Guarantee scheme
1. The focus of the scheme shall be on the following works in their order of
I. Water conservation and water harvesting.
II. Drought proofing (including afforestration and tree plantation)
III. Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works.
IV. Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by house holds belonging
to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes or to land of beneficiaries of land
reforms or that of the beneficiaries under the IAY of Govt. of India.
V. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desiliting of tanks.
VI. Land Development.
VII. Flood Control and protection works including drainage in water logged
VIII. Rural Connectivity to provide all weather access and
IX. Any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in
consultation with the State Government.
2. Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base
of the rural poor shall be an important object of the scheme.
3. The works taken up under the scheme shall be in rural areas.
4. The State Council shall prepare a list of preferred works for different
areas based on their ability to create durable assets.
5. The scheme shall be subject to appropriate arrangements as may be laid
down by the State Government under the rules issued by it for proper
maintenance of the public assets created under the scheme.
6. Under no circumstances shall the labourers be paid less than the wage
rate, notified by the State Government.
7. When wages are directly linked with the quantity of work, the wages shall
be paid according to the scheme of rates fixed by the State government for
different types of work in every year, in consultation with the State
8. The schedule of rates of wages for unskilled labourers shall be so fixed
that a person working for 7 hours would normally earn a wage equal to the
9. The cost of material component of projects including the wages of the
skilled and semi skilled workers taken up under the scheme shall not exceed
40% of the total project costs.
10. It shall be open to the Programme Officer and Gram Panchayat to direct
any person who applied for employment under the scheme to do work of any
type permissible under it.
11. The scheme shall not permit engaging any contractor for implementation
of the projects under it.
12. As far as practicable, a task funded under the scheme shall be performed
by using manual labour and not machines.
13. Every scheme shall contain adequate provisions for ensuring transparency
and accountability at all levels of implementation.
14. Provisions for regular inspection and supervision of works taken up
under the scheme shall be made to ensure proper quality of work as well as
to ensure that the total wages paid for the completion of the work is
commensurate with the quality and quantity of works done.
15. The District Programme Coordinator, the Programme Officer and the Gram
Panchayat implementing the scheme shall prepare annually a report containing
the facts and figures and achievements relating to the implementation of the
scheme within his or its jurisdiction and a copy of the same shall be made
available to the public on demand and on payment of such fee as may be
specified in the scheme.
16. All accounts and records relating to the scheme shall be made available
for public scrutiny and any person desirous of obtaining copy or relevant
extracts from these may be provided such copies of extracts on demand and
after paying such fee as may be specified in the scheme.
17. A copy of the muster roll of each scheme or project under a scheme shall
be made available in the office of the Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer
for inspection by any person interested after paying such fee as may be
specified in the scheme.
CONDITIONS FOR GUARANTEED RURAL EMPLOYMENT UNDER THE SCHEME AND MINIMUM
ENTITLEMENTS OF LABOURERS.
1. The adult members of every household who
(i) reside in any rural areas; and
(ii) are willing to do unskilled manual work, may submit their names, age
and the address of the household to the Gram Panchayat at the village level
(hereafter in this schedule referred to as the Gram Panchayat) in the
jurisdiction of which they reside for registration of their household for
issuance of a job card.
2. It shall be the duty of the Gram Panchayat to register the household
after making such enquiry as it deems fit and issue a job card containing
such details of adult members of the household affixing their photographs as
may be specified by the State Government in the scheme.
3. The registration made under paragraph 2 shall be for such period as may
be laid in the scheme, but in any case not less than five years, and may be
renewed from time to time.
4. Every adult member of a registered household whose name appears in the
job card shall be entitled to apply for unskilled manual work under the
5. All registered persons belonging to a household shall be entitled to
employment in accordance with the scheme made under the provisions of this
Act, for as many days as each applicant may request, subject to a maximum of
one hundred days per household in a given financial year.
6. The programme Officer shall ensure that every applicant referred to in
the above paragraph shall be provided unskilled manual work in accordance
with the provision of the scheme within fifteen days of receipt of an
application or from the date he seeks work in case of advance application
whichever is later.
Provided that priority shall be given to women in such a way that at least
one-third of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and
requested for work under this Act.
7. Applications for work must be for at least fourteen days of continuous
8. There shall be no limit on the number of days of employment for which a
person may apply, or on the number of days of employment actually provided
to him subject to the aggregate entitlement of the household.
9. Applications for work may be submitted in writing either to the Gram
Panchayat or to the Programme Officer, as may be specified in the scheme.
10. The Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer, as the case may be shall be
bound to accept valid applications and to issue a dated receipt to, the
applicant, Group applications may also be submitted.
11. Applicants who are provided with work shall be so intimated in writing,
by means of letter sent to him at the address given in the job card and by a
public notice displayed at the office of the Panchayats at the district,
intermediate or village level.
12. As far as possible, employment shall be provided within a radius of five
kilometers of the village where the applicant resides at the time of
13. A new work under the scheme shall be commenced only if-
(a) at least fifty labourers become available for such work; and
(b) the labourers cannot be absorbed in the ongoing works;
Provided that this condition shall not be applicable for new works, as
determined by the State Government, in hilly areas and in respect of
14. In cases the employment is provided outside such radius, it must be
provided within the Block and the labourers shall be paid ten per cent of
the wage rate as extra wages to meet additional transportation and living
15. A period of employment shall ordinarily be at least fourteen days
continuously with not more than six days in a week.
16. In all cases where unemployment allowance is paid, or due to be paid,
the Programme Officer shall inform the district Programme Coordinator in
writing the reasons why it was not possible for him to provide employment or
cause to provide employment to the applicants.
17. The District Programme Coordinator shall, in his Annual Report to the
State Council, explain as to why employment could not be provided in cases
where payment of unemployment allowance is involved.
18. Provision shall be made in the scheme for advance applications, that is,
an application which may be submitted in advance of the date from which
employment is sought.
19. Provision shall be made in the scheme for submission of multiple
applications by the same person provided that the corresponding periods for
which employment is sought do not overlap.
20. The Gram Panchayat shall prepare and maintain such registers, vouchers
and other documents in such form and in such manner as may be specified in
the scheme containing particulars of job card and pass books issued, name,
age and address of the head of the household and the adult members of the
household registered with the Gram Panchayat.
21. The Gram Panchayat shall send such list or lists of the names and
address of households and their adult members registered with it and supply
such other information to the concerned Programme Officer at such periods
and in such form as may be specified in the scheme.
22. A list of persons who are provided with the work shall be displayed on
the notice board of the Gram Panchayat and at the office of the Programme
Officer and at such other places as the Programme Officer may deem necessary
and the list shall be open for inspection by the State Government and any
23. If the Gram Panchayat is satisfied at any time that a person has
registered with by furnishing false information, it may direct the Programme
Officer to direct his name to be struck off from the register and direct the
applicant to return the job card.
24. If any personnel injury is caused to any person employed under the
scheme by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, he
shall be entitled to, free of charge, such medical treatment as is
admissible under the scheme.
25. Where hospitalization of the injured worker is necessary, the State
Government shall arrange for such hospitalization including accommodation,
treatment, medicines and payment of daily allowance not less than half of
the wage rate required to be paid had the injured been engaged in the work.
26. If a person employed under a scheme dies or becomes permanently disabled
by accident arising out of and in the course of employment, he shall be paid
by the implementing agency an ex-gratia payment at the rate of twenty five
thousand rupees or such amount as may be notified by the Central Government
and the amount shall be paid to the legal heirs of the deceased or the
disabled as the case may be.
27. The facilities of safe drinking water, shade for children and periods of
rest, first aid box with adequate material for emergency treatment for minor
injuries and other health hazards connected with the work being performed
shall be provided at the work site.
28. In case the number of children below the age of six years accompanying
the women working at any site are five or more, provisions shall be made to
depute one of such women worker to look after such children
29. The person deputed under paragraph 28 shall be paid wage rate.
30. In case the payment of wages is not made within the period specified
under the scheme, the labourers shall be entitled to receive payment of
compensation as per the provisions of the payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of
31. The wages under a scheme may be paid either wholly in cash or in cash
and kind provided that at least one fourth of the wages shall be paid in
32. The State Government may prescribe that a portion of the wages in cash
may be paid to the labourers on a daily basis during the period of
33. If any personnel injury is caused by accident to a child accompanying
any person who is employed under a scheme, such person shall be entitled to,
free of charge, such medical treatment for the child as may be specified in
the scheme and in case of death or disablement, through an ex-gratia payment
as may be determined by the State Government.
34. In case of every employment under the scheme, there shall be no
discrimination solely on the ground of gender and the provisions of the
Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976) shall be complied with.
3. Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
The scheme is designed to provide shelter to house-less people living in
rural areas with special thrust on scheduled caste, scheduled tribe
communities, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST families living below
poverty line. An amount of Rs.35,000/-in plain areas and Rs.38,500/- in
hilly areas is provided by way of cash assistance in two installments to the
beneficiaries. The funding pattern of the scheme between Centre and State is
The scheme is implemented through BPL beneficiaries themselves without the
involvement of intermediaries.3% of funds under the scheme are earmarked for
physically challenged persons. The guidelines of IAY programme also permit
up-gradation upto an amount of Rs.15000/- of Kacha Houses in the rural
4. Rural Housing Scheme (RHS)
The Rural Housing Scheme is a State Plan scheme implemented in all the
district of the division. The scheme is implemented in accordance with the
guidelines of IAY.
5. SWARANJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA (SGSY)
The objective of the scheme is to bring the assisted poor families above the
poverty line by organizing them into Self-Help Groups (SHGs) through the
process of social mobilization, training, capacity building and provision of
income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and government
The funds are shared by State & Center in the ratio of 25:75 and the
permitted %age of funds earmarked for various components of the scheme are
a) Training (10% of allocation)
b) Infrastructure (20% of allocation)
c) Revolving fund (10% of allocation)
d) Subsidy of economic activities (60% of allocation)
6. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
1. To provide all weather roads to unconnected habitations having population
of more than 500.
2. New Roads –primary focus.
3. Programme for Village Road and Other District Roads only.
4. Roads to be surfaced with Black Topping.
Roads taken up under PMGSY Phase-I and PMGSY Phase-II were executed by the
Rural Development Department and are nearing completion shortly. The fresh
projects under the scheme are now being executed by R&B Department.
7. Model Village
The Hon’ble Prime Minister of India during his visit to valley in
October,2004 announced Reconstruction Programme for J&K State which included
overall development of one village in each block as a model village by way
of creating necessary infrastructure so as to change the outlook of
villagers and also
To minimize the Rural- Urban divide.
Check the migration of population
Improve the quality of rural life
Demonstration of latest technology
Integrated development of area, based on local resources.
Optimum utilization of resources available under various schemes.
In every block, one village is presently being developed as a model village
and the work is in full swing.
8. Haryali (IWDP)
The scheme is being implemented with the objective of Harvesting every drop
of rainwater for purposes of irrigation plantations including horticulture
and floriculture, pasture development, fisheries etc. to create sustainable
sources of income for the village community as well as for drinking water
For ensuring overall development of rural areas through the Gram Panchayats
and creating regular sources of income for the Panchayats from rainwater
harvesting and management.
For employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and
development of human and other economic resources of the rural areas.
For mitigating the adverse effects of extreme climatic conditions such as
drought and desertification on crops, human and livestock population for the
overall improvement of rural areas.
For restoring ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing
natural resources i.e. land, water, vegetative cover especially plantations.
For encouraging village community towards sustained community action for the
operation and maintenance of assets created and further development of the
potential of the natural resources in the watershed
Activities for Watershed Development
Development of small water harvesting structures such as low cost farm ponds
Nalla, bunds, check dams, percolation tanks and other ground water
Renovation and augmentation of water sources, desiltation of Village Tanks
for drinking water/irrigation/fisheries development
Fisheries development in village ponds/ tanks, farm ponds etc
Afforestation including block plantations agro forestry and horticulture
Development, shelterbelt plantations sand dume stabilization etc.
Pasture development either by itself or in conjunction with plantations
Land development including in situ soil and moisture conservation measure
like contour and graded bunds fortified by plantation bench terracing in
hilly terrain, nursery raising for fodder, timber fuel wood Horticulture and
non-timber forest product species.
Drainage line treatment with a combination of vegetative and engineering
Repair restoration and up gradation of existing common property assets and
structures in the watershed to obtain optimum and sustained benefit from
previous public investments.
Crop demonstrations for popularizing new crops/ varieties or
Innovative management practices.
Promotion and propagation of non conventional energy saving devices energy
conservation measures bio fuel plantation etc.
Preparation of the Action Plan for the watershed by the Gram Panchayat in
consultation with self help Groups / User Groups with the assistance of WDT
Approval of the Action Plan at the open meetings of the Gram Sabha
Display of approved Action Plan on a Notice Board at the Gram Panchayat
Office Village Community Hall and such other Community buildings
Review of Physical and Financial progress of work during implementation
phase through periodical meetings of the Gram Sabha
Payment to Labourers directly and through cheque wherever possible.
The present cost norm is Rs.6000 per hector this amount shall be divided
amongst the following project components subject to the percentage ceiling
mentioned against each
I. Watershed Treatment/ Development works/ Activities 85%
II. Community Mobilization and Training 5%
III. Administrative overheads 10%
Saving, if any in the administrative costs can be utilized for undertaking
activates under the other two heads Viz training and watershed works, but
not vice versa. Purchase of vehicles office equipment, furniture etc, and
construction of buildings and payment of salaries of Government staff is not
The department is also one of the executing agencies for the works
programmes of various other departments like Health, Education, Social
Welfare, Revenue etc for which funds are allocated under NABARD, CDF, MPLADS,