Major Schemes

The various schemes under implementation through Rural Development Department are as under:

1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
2. Pardhan Mantry Awas Yojana (Grameen) PMAY(G)
3. Community Development and Panchayat Sector
4. 14th Finance Commission Award
5. Model Villages under (Prime Ministerís Re-construction Programme)


Section 12 of Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989 envisages that it shall be the duty of each Halqa Panchayat to make provision for preparation of the Plans for the development of the Halqa and to take measures for the implementation of the Developmental plans subject to the availability of funds at its disposal. The plans at the Block level are formulated after consolidating the information received from the Village Panchayats through the Secretary Panchayat (VLW/MPW/Gram Savika).

The plans are first consolidated at the Block level and then at the District level. After the approval of the plans by District Development Boards the estimates of the works approved in the plan are prepared by Junior Engineers of the concerned Block. The Village Level Workers/Multipurpose Workers/Gram Savikas (Secretary of the Panchayat) places the proposal of works before the Halqa Majlis, constituted vide Section 4 of the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayat Raj Act, 1989 for their consideration and after passing a resolution, the Halqa Majlis nominates the person through whom the work is to be got executed. The Block Development Officer then allots the work to the nominated person in accordance with the guidelines of the schemes. The work is then got executed as per the guidelines/prescribed norms. During execution, the test checks are recorded by the AEs/AEEs and Executive Engineer to ensure that the works are executed strictly as per the sanctioned estimates and to ensure quality of the assets.


The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was notified by the Govt. of India in September 2005 and launched in erstwhile District Doda and District Poonch of Jammu Division in Feb 2006 under Phase-Ist. The same was extended to District Jammu and Samba of Jammu Division w.e.f. 01-04-2007 & w.e.f. 01-04-2008, to other remaining districts of Jammu Division, with the objective of enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing atleast 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The Act is a right based framework for adult members of a rural household willing to do manual work. It prescribes time bound guarantee wherein if employment is not provided within 15 days from the date of application for work, the state Govt. has to give unemployment allowance. The sharing pattern of the scheme is in the ratio of 90:10 (Central/State share) in which the ratio of wages & material component is 60:40. MGNREGA is demand driven and the use of machinery is not allowed under the scheme. The programme was rechristened as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) in October 2009.

Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is a demand-driven scheme.

Main features of Rural Employment Guarantee scheme

1. The focus of the scheme shall be on the following works in their order of priority;-
I. Water conservation and water harvesting.
II. Drought proofing (including afforestration and tree plantation)
III. Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works.
IV. Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by house holds belonging to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes or to land of beneficiaries of land reforms or that of the beneficiaries under the IAY of Govt. of India.
V. Renovation of traditional water bodies including desiliting of tanks.
VI. Land Development.
VII. Flood Control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas.
VIII. Rural Connectivity to provide all weather access and
IX. Any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government.

2. Creation of durable assets and strengthening the livelihood resource base of the rural poor shall be an important object of the scheme.
3. The works taken up under the scheme shall be in rural areas.
4. The State Council shall prepare a list of preferred works for different areas based on their ability to create durable assets.
5. The scheme shall be subject to appropriate arrangements as may be laid down by the State Government under the rules issued by it for proper maintenance of the public assets created under the scheme.
6. Under no circumstances shall the labourers be paid less than the wage rate, notified by the State Government.
7. When wages are directly linked with the quantity of work, the wages shall be paid according to the scheme of rates fixed by the State government for different types of work in every year, in consultation with the State council.
8. The schedule of rates of wages for unskilled labourers shall be so fixed that a person working for 7 hours would normally earn a wage equal to the wage rate.
9. The cost of material component of projects including the wages of the skilled and semi skilled workers taken up under the scheme shall not exceed 40% of the total project costs.
10. It shall be open to the Programme Officer and Gram Panchayat to direct any person who applied for employment under the scheme to do work of any type permissible under it.
11. The scheme shall not permit engaging any contractor for implementation of the projects under it.
12. As far as practicable, a task funded under the scheme shall be performed by using manual labour and not machines.
13. Every scheme shall contain adequate provisions for ensuring transparency and accountability at all levels of implementation.
14. Provisions for regular inspection and supervision of works taken up under the scheme shall be made to ensure proper quality of work as well as to ensure that the total wages paid for the completion of the work is commensurate with the quality and quantity of works done.
15. The District Programme Coordinator, the Programme Officer and the Gram Panchayat implementing the scheme shall prepare annually a report containing the facts and figures and achievements relating to the implementation of the scheme within his or its jurisdiction and a copy of the same shall be made available to the public on demand and on payment of such fee as may be specified in the scheme.
16. All accounts and records relating to the scheme shall be made available for public scrutiny and any person desirous of obtaining copy or relevant extracts from these may be provided such copies of extracts on demand and after paying such fee as may be specified in the scheme.
17. A copy of the muster roll of each scheme or project under a scheme shall be made available in the office of the Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer for inspection by any person interested after paying such fee as may be specified in the scheme.


1. The adult members of every household who
(i) reside in any rural areas; and
(ii) are willing to do unskilled manual work, may submit their names, age and the address of the household to the Gram Panchayat at the village level (hereafter in this schedule referred to as the Gram Panchayat) in the jurisdiction of which they reside for registration of their household for issuance of a job card.
2. It shall be the duty of the Gram Panchayat to register the household after making such enquiry as it deems fit and issue a job card containing such details of adult members of the household affixing their photographs as may be specified by the State Government in the scheme.
3. The registration made under paragraph 2 shall be for such period as may be laid in the scheme, but in any case not less than five years, and may be renewed from time to time.
4. Every adult member of a registered household whose name appears in the job card shall be entitled to apply for unskilled manual work under the scheme.
5. All registered persons belonging to a household shall be entitled to employment in accordance with the scheme made under the provisions of this Act, for as many days as each applicant may request, subject to a maximum of one hundred days per household in a given financial year.
6. The programme Officer shall ensure that every applicant referred to in the above paragraph shall be provided unskilled manual work in accordance with the provision of the scheme within fifteen days of receipt of an application or from the date he seeks work in case of advance application whichever is later.
Provided that priority shall be given to women in such a way that at least one-third of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested for work under this Act.
7. Applications for work must be for at least fourteen days of continuous work.
8. There shall be no limit on the number of days of employment for which a person may apply, or on the number of days of employment actually provided to him subject to the aggregate entitlement of the household.
9. Applications for work may be submitted in writing either to the Gram Panchayat or to the Programme Officer, as may be specified in the scheme.
10. The Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer, as the case may be shall be bound to accept valid applications and to issue a dated receipt to, the applicant, Group applications may also be submitted.
11. Applicants who are provided with work shall be so intimated in writing, by means of letter sent to him at the address given in the job card and by a public notice displayed at the office of the Panchayats at the district, intermediate or village level.
12. As far as possible, employment shall be provided within a radius of five kilometers of the village where the applicant resides at the time of applying.
13. A new work under the scheme shall be commenced only if-

(a) at least fifty labourers become available for such work; and
(b) the labourers cannot be absorbed in the ongoing works;

Provided that this condition shall not be applicable for new works, as determined by the State Government, in hilly areas and in respect of afforestration.

14. In cases the employment is provided outside such radius, it must be provided within the Block and the labourers shall be paid ten per cent of the wage rate as extra wages to meet additional transportation and living expenses.
15. A period of employment shall ordinarily be at least fourteen days continuously with not more than six days in a week.
16. In all cases where unemployment allowance is paid, or due to be paid, the Programme Officer shall inform the district Programme Coordinator in writing the reasons why it was not possible for him to provide employment or cause to provide employment to the applicants.
17. The District Programme Coordinator shall, in his Annual Report to the State Council, explain as to why employment could not be provided in cases where payment of unemployment allowance is involved.
18. Provision shall be made in the scheme for advance applications, that is, an application which may be submitted in advance of the date from which employment is sought.
19. Provision shall be made in the scheme for submission of multiple applications by the same person provided that the corresponding periods for which employment is sought do not overlap.
20. The Gram Panchayat shall prepare and maintain such registers, vouchers and other documents in such form and in such manner as may be specified in the scheme containing particulars of job card and pass books issued, name, age and address of the head of the household and the adult members of the household registered with the Gram Panchayat.
21. The Gram Panchayat shall send such list or lists of the names and address of households and their adult members registered with it and supply such other information to the concerned Programme Officer at such periods and in such form as may be specified in the scheme.
22. A list of persons who are provided with the work shall be displayed on the notice board of the Gram Panchayat and at the office of the Programme Officer and at such other places as the Programme Officer may deem necessary and the list shall be open for inspection by the State Government and any person interested.
23. If the Gram Panchayat is satisfied at any time that a person has registered with by furnishing false information, it may direct the Programme Officer to direct his name to be struck off from the register and direct the applicant to return the job card.
24. If any personnel injury is caused to any person employed under the scheme by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, he shall be entitled to, free of charge, such medical treatment as is admissible under the scheme.
25. Where hospitalization of the injured worker is necessary, the State Government shall arrange for such hospitalization including accommodation, treatment, medicines and payment of daily allowance not less than half of the wage rate required to be paid had the injured been engaged in the work.
26. If a person employed under a scheme dies or becomes permanently disabled by accident arising out of and in the course of employment, he shall be paid by the implementing agency an ex-gratia payment at the rate of twenty five thousand rupees or such amount as may be notified by the Central Government and the amount shall be paid to the legal heirs of the deceased or the disabled as the case may be.
27. The facilities of safe drinking water, shade for children and periods of rest, first aid box with adequate material for emergency treatment for minor injuries and other health hazards connected with the work being performed shall be provided at the work site.
28. In case the number of children below the age of six years accompanying the women working at any site are five or more, provisions shall be made to depute one of such women worker to look after such children
29. The person deputed under paragraph 28 shall be paid wage rate.
30. In case the payment of wages is not made within the period specified under the scheme, the labourers shall be entitled to receive payment of compensation as per the provisions of the payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936).
31. The wages under a scheme may be paid either wholly in cash or in cash and kind provided that at least one fourth of the wages shall be paid in cash only.
32. The State Government may prescribe that a portion of the wages in cash may be paid to the labourers on a daily basis during the period of employment.
33. If any personnel injury is caused by accident to a child accompanying any person who is employed under a scheme, such person shall be entitled to, free of charge, such medical treatment for the child as may be specified in the scheme and in case of death or disablement, through an ex-gratia payment as may be determined by the State Government.
34. In case of every employment under the scheme, there shall be no discrimination solely on the ground of gender and the provisions of the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976) shall be complied with.

2. Pardhan Mantry Awas Yojana (Grameen) PMAY(G)

Prandhan Mantry Awas Yojana Grameen (Erstwhile IAY) has been launched by the Government of India w.e.f. 01.04.2016 with the objective of providing houses to the eligible beneficiaries to provide shelter to house-less people living in rural areas with special thrust on scheduled caste, scheduled tribe communities, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST families living below poverty line. The financial assistance of an amount of Rs.1,30,000/- per unit for construction of typical/specifically designed by the Government with a IHHL unit to restrict ODF under SBM. The assistance provided by way of direct transfer of funds in three installments to the beneficiaries bank accounts. The programme shall be implemented as CSS on funding pattern of the scheme between Centre and State is 90:10. Moreover, the eligible beneficiaries can avail 95 days (Mandays) under MGNREGS

3. Community Dev. & Panchayat Sector

Under the scheme CD & Pyt. Sector, works of urgent nature are taken up for execution in a financial year.

4. 14th Finance Commission Award

The Finance Commission grant have been a source of funds that have always endeavored to support and promote the self governance by providing funding support to Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). It has been a important source of un-tide funding specially for Halqa Panchayats. The Award of these grants to each Halqa Panchayat has been intrinsically couple with holistic participatory planning at the Halqa Panchayat level to ensure appropriate utilisation of the Award. Every Panchayat hs to formulate and implement and integrited Halqa Panchayat development Plan in consultation with people large. The 14th Finance Commission (2015-16 to 2019-20) has been taken up a very significant decision to focus on funding only Halqa Panchayats in the whole PRI structure during the duration of 14th FC.

Nature of Works :- The Halqa Panchayat has to prepare plans for the development of the Halqa Panchayat in consultation of people in large. the plan would include the works which deals with the problem like Soil Conservation, Water Management, Agriculture Related Activities and Other Welfare Programmes. The type of activity which would be taken up under 14th FC in respect of rural Development Department i.e., construction of Lane and Drains, culverts/Foot Bridges, Development of Ponds, Construction of Panchayat Ghars, construction of Roads/Tractor Roads/Link Roads, Execution of Flood Protection works and other allied works of different nature etc.
5. Model Village

The Honíble Prime Minister of India during his visit to valley in October,2004 announced Reconstruction Programme for J&K State which included overall development of one village in each block as a model village by way of creating necessary infrastructure so as to change the outlook of villagers and also
To minimize the Rural- Urban divide.
Check the migration of population
Improve the quality of rural life
Demonstration of latest technology
Integrated development of area, based on local resources.
Optimum utilization of resources available under various schemes.
In every block, one village is presently being developed as a model village and the work is in full swing.


Preparation of the Action Plan for the watershed by the Gram Panchayat in consultation with self help Groups / User Groups with the assistance of WDT members.

Approval of the Action Plan at the open meetings of the Gram Sabha

Display of approved Action Plan on a Notice Board at the Gram Panchayat Office Village Community Hall and such other Community buildings

Review of Physical and Financial progress of work during implementation phase through periodical meetings of the Gram Sabha

Payment to Labourers directly and through cheque wherever possible.


The present cost norm is Rs.6000 per hector this amount shall be divided amongst the following project components subject to the percentage ceiling mentioned against each

I. Watershed Treatment/ Development works/ Activities 85%
II. Community Mobilization and Training 5%
III. Administrative overheads 10%
TOTAL 100%

Saving, if any in the administrative costs can be utilized for undertaking activates under the other two heads Viz training and watershed works, but not vice versa. Purchase of vehicles office equipment, furniture etc, and construction of buildings and payment of salaries of Government staff is not permissible.


The department is also one of the executing agencies for the works programmes of various other departments like Health, Education, Social Welfare, Revenue etc for which funds are allocated under NABARD, CDF, MPLADS, BADP etc.



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